This guide will outline the use of Troops in Adamant Mod as they differ from those in unmodded Space Empires IV.
Unlike stock SE4, Adamant Mod does not include any specialized components for troop weapons. Instead, all vehicles use the same components, modified via scale mounts for some types. Troops are one of those vehicle types that rely on scale mounts. To add a weapon to a troop, you must mount it. Different sized troops use slightly different mounts for weapons, with different levels of power reductions. In order to get these mounts to appear, you must first select a troop size. They do not appear when no troop size is selected.
Adamant Mod uses the leaky shield system, where shields essentially stop some damage from getting through, but some will tend to "leak through" the shield layers and do internal damage to the ship. This does not work on any units, however, because they do not have "internal damage"; they do not take damage to components, instead having a singlular hit point total, of which shields are a part of. So, leaky shields do not work on troops, and they are not available for them in the mod. However, the hitpoints you can get from the armor available to troops more than makes up for the loss of shield generators on them.
Adamant Mod allows you to build some trops from the beginning of the game, so called Infantry. These infantry represent the most primitive level of troop technology, represented by their small size of 5 kT (half the size of a Small Troop). Their small size affords them different strengths and weaknesses than normal troops, represented by their use of "Riot Gear" instead of "Troop Cockpits." Their mobility relative to larger, bulkier troops allows them to engage in skirmishing modes against such troops, making it harder to shoot them down. Their lack of heavier weaponry, however, makes them less effective on the offensive side of things. You even get these bonuses and penalties when combining infantry with other types of troops, representing the fact that a group's effectivess overall is somewhat dependant upon the group's weakest members.